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Difference Between K-12 Education and College

K-12 IDEA ’04 K-12 504 Plan College 504, ADA and FERPA
Student records are accessible to student and parents Student records are accessible to student and parents Any enrolled college student’s records are only accessible to the student (not the parents)
Special consideration for behavior problem Must follow high school behavior code Must follow college code of conduct; no special consideration
District identifies disability Parent provides documentation of disability Student responsibility to provide documentation of disability and need for accommodation
Success more of a right No guarantee for student success No guarantee; student responsible for own success
Special education classes Regular class curriculum with modification No special education classes; disability support office’s role is to accommodate student in college level classes
Free evaluation of disability Parent responsibility Student responsibility
District develops Individual Education Plan (IEP) Services determined by Plan Student initiates requests for accommodation needs
District ensures that the IEP is implemented District/parent/student responsible Student responsible for own progress
Entitled to services identified on IEP Services determined by Plan College services not automatic; each college determines eligibility and services
Fundamental modifications to program of study permitted as identified on IEP Fundamental modifications to program of study permitted as identified on 504 Plan No fundamental modifications allowed: Accommodations may not alter fundamental nature of course or impose an undue burden on an institution
Teacher advocate Parent/student advocate Student advocates for self
Personal services: e.g., transportation, personal attendant, nurse No personal services provided No personal services provided

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